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Archaeologists In Georgia Unearth A 1.8-Million-Year-old Human Tooth

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An ancient human tooth discovered by archaeologists in Georgia dates back 1.8 million years, firmly establishing the area as the site of one of the first prehistoric human settlements in Europe and potentially the world outside of Africa.

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The tooth was found close to the village of Orozmani, about 100 kilometres (62 miles) southwest of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, and close to Dmanisi, where in the late 1990s and early 2000s, 1.8 million-year-old human skulls were unearthed.

The Dmanisi findings revolutionised scientists’ perceptions of ancient human evolution and migration patterns because they were the oldest discovery of its kind made outside of Africa.

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The most recent find at a location 20 km away adds to the growing body of evidence showing that the hilly south Caucasus region was probably one of the first places early people inhabited after leaving Africa, according to experts.

“Orozmani, together with Dmanisi, represents the centre of the oldest distribution of old humans – or early Homo – in the world outside Africa.” The tooth was discovered, according to the National Research Centre of Archaeology and Prehistory of Georgia.

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The teeth, according to the research team’s leader Giorgi Bidzinashvili, belongs to a “relative” of Zezva and Mzia, two nearly entire 1.8-million-year-old fossilised skulls discovered at Dmanisi.

Speaking to the media about the discovery, the archaeology student Jack Peart who found the first found tooth said, “The implications, not just for this site, but for Georgia and the story of humans leaving Africa 1.8 million years ago are enormous.”

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“It solidifies Georgia as a really important place for paleoanthropology and the human story in general.”

The world’s oldest Homo fossils, a partial jaw found in contemporary Ethiopia, date to about 2.8 million years ago.

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ECOParl: MPs Say Covid-19, Russia-Ukraine War, Low Import Duties, Reason For Low Remittances of Community Levy

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By Gloria Ikibah

The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Parliament, have attributed the causes of low remittance of community levy by member states to the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war, low import inflow, the effect of Covid-19 on the global economy leading to recession among other factors.

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Speaking with Journalists at the ongoing 2nd Extra-Ordinary session of the ECOWAS Parliament in Lome, a cross-section of Parliamentarians from different countries also blamed the development on negligence on the part of some member states.

The Ghanaian Head of Delegation, Hon. Alexander Afenyo Markin, asserted that the current economic downturn experienced across regions is a major deterrence to remittance of levies.

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“Without attempting to speculate, I should think that the recent downturn in business is a result of economic crisis leading to low import could be a factor, in the sense that now we are having this Ukraine- Russia war which came just after COVID obviously import have come down, it has reduced drastically, and this levies are imposed on import at our Ports so obviously.

“It could also be the slow pace at which member states transmit or transfer such levy as collected so we need that political will from the Commission, the Heads of States, or those responsible for this, and those coordinating to ensure that these levies as at when they are collected are transmitted to ECOWAS on time.

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While MP from Seirra-Leon, Hon. Veronica Sesay said the possible cause of countries non-remittance of levy was negligence.

“This could be out of negligence. We cannot move, we cannot succeed, even ECOWAS Parliament committees cannot come to Lome or go to Abuja without paying of levies, and that is why we are asking the other member states to pay their levies because it is sometimes unfair if others pay their levies on time then you benefit on time, so I don’t want to call it parasitic because we have to work together as a team”, she said.

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Hon. Adjaratou Traore from Cote d’Ivoire said, “without the community levy there will be no ECOWAS Parliament, there will be No ECOWAS Commission, every country need to contribute, we have to make sure our government take this issue very seriously to make the operation of the regional body smooth, so all Member States have to work hard on it”.

Similarly, Nigerian Delegate to the session, Sen. Smart Adeyemi said, “There is a global economic recession now, I think as the economy improves maybe next year, some of these West African Countries will be able to meet up their obligation to the ECOWAS Parliament”.

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Hon. Siryon from Liberia added “the pandemic came in and interrupted countries economic plans, I feel that is the reason why some of them have not been able to pay, no matter what, they have to pay, if they have problems, they have to come to us, they have to come and let ECOWAS know the problem, they put the Act together, they sign it and I believe that they will pay” she said.

The Parliamentarians furthermore called for mechanism to be put in place to fast track payment by making sure that such funds come to the Commissions by the use of technology.

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They also believe that, bureaucracy of collection and transmitting should be eliminated by creating a network which will automatically ensure that ECOWAS and other institutions receive their payment directly from the Member States once charges are made in their Ports. That according to them will be one way of resolving that issue of non-remittance of community levy.

“There will be no excuses as to what the Member States have collected and refused or delayed. It is these levies that are used for capacity building, for all activities, for stability and for work to progress, and also for salaries of workers, our community institutions depend on this levy, that is our only source of income and funding for our activities as a Sub-Region, for me, it is a key thing that must be considered”.

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North Korea fires two missiles, blames US

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North Korea fired two ballistic missiles Thursday and claimed its recent blitz of sanctions-busting tests were necessary countermeasures against joint military drills by the United States and South Korea.

As the United Nations Security Council met to discuss Pyongyang’s Tuesday launch of an intermediate-range ballistic missile over Japan, North Korea blamed Washington for “escalating the military tensions on the Korean peninsula”.

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The recent launches — six in less than two weeks — were “the just counteraction measures of the Korean People’s Army”, Pyongyang’s foreign ministry said in a statement Thursday.

Seoul, Tokyo and Washington have ramped up joint military drills in recent weeks, including large-scale naval manoeuvres and anti-submarine exercises.

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No Amount Of Fasting, Prayer Can Cure HIV” – Bisi Alimi

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Bisi Alimi is of the belief that no amount of fasting or prayer can be able to heal an individual who is infected with the HIV virus.

Alimi is a Nigerian gay rights activist, public speaker, blog writer and HIV/LGBT advocate who gained international attention when he became the first Nigerian to come out on television.

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In a new development, Alimi who has been living well advised those living with the virus to live a happy life by thinking positively, exercising and taking their medications regularly.

He also urged people living with the virus not to listen to naysayers.

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“If you are HIV+, no amount of prayers and fasting will cure you. Take your medication, exercise, think positively and live a happy life. There is no healing in faith.

“Your viral load will only come down if you adhere and not by how days you pray or fast.

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“If your viral load is taking long to come down, talk to your healthcare provider about it and be very honest about the lifestyle choices you have.

“Don’t mind the idiots laughing cos you are positive; at least you know. Many of them hide under their clothes, their greatest shame. Turn their stigma into your crown of glory”.

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