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Why we destroyed N95bn unregistered products -NAFDAC

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Kayode Sanni-Arewa

The National Agency For Food and Drug Administration And Control (NAFDAC) has destroyed unregistered pharmaceutical products estimated at N95 Billion (Ninety-five billion Naira) in Cotonou,Republic of Benin

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Director General, NAFDAC, Prof Mojisola Christianah Adeyeye, who disclosed at a press briefing on the joint international destruction of 5 x 40 feet containers of unregistered pharmaceuticals, including tramadol 200 MG and higher strength on Monday in Abuja, said a team of NAFDAC officers (including Investigation & Enforcement Directorate officers), led by Prof Adebayo, the Director of the Ports Inspection Directorate traveled to Cotonou where the destruction exercise of the five containers took place on 21st and 22nd December 2022.

According to her: “Going down memory lane, Following an intelligence report from the Presidency in August 2018, I directed the Director of Ports Inspection Directorate, Prof. Samson B. Adebayo on the intention of some unscrupulous importers to ship thirty-one (31) containers of unregistered pharmaceutical products including tramadol 200mg and above from India. The containers were labeled building materials and for bonded terminal.

“The Director of Ports Inspection Directorate, working with his Intelligence & Monitoring Unit commenced the surveillance and monitoring of the reported containers from the ports of loading to the successive ports where they were transloaded along the sea routes. The first approach was to collaborate with the Nigeria Customs Service under the leadership of the Comptroller General (Col.) Ahmed Ali (rtd.).

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“Eventually, twenty-one of the containers were discharged at the Apapa port in Lagos, Nigeria as manifested. One container couldn’t be tracked because of a missing container number. Out of the 21 containers, only two had building materials.

“However, as the importers of the containers became aware that NAFDAC was tracking and monitoring the containers on arrival at the Apapa port and intercepting them, they decided to change their strategy by diverting the remaining away from the Nigerian port.
“Four containers never got to Nigeria but were discharged at transshipment in Malaysia.
One container was transferred to the Cotonou port in the Republic of Benin while the remaining four were initially diverted to the Tema Port in Ghana but later diverted them to Cotonou having met resistance from Ghana Food and Drug Agency that NAFDAC already contacted for collaboration to stop the four (4) containers.

“Director-General of NAFDAC Prof Mojisola Adeyeye then liaised with the Ambassador of Nigeria to the Republic of Benin at the time, His Excellency Kayode Oguntuase, who worked tirelessly to ensure that the port authority in the Republic of Benin affected the seizure of the five containers on the request of NAFDAC. His successor His Excellency Olukayode O. Aluko never relented in his effort at ensuring that all these five (5) containers are released to NAFDAC for destruction.

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“Meanwhile the other twenty-four containers Some entity took the case to court in Benin that the containers should be brought back to Nigeria. This took about one year plus but Ambassador Aluko stayed on the case until the court made the judgment that the containers can be destroyed in Benin. Alas, the government of the Republic of Benin eventually agreed to engage with the Nigerian counterparts to carry out the destruction of these containers in Cotonou. The following products were found in the five containers during the joint physical examination.

Brand name generic name details:Tamral 225 tablets tramadol hcl 1,276 CTNSX50 ROLLSX10X10 TABS; Tamral 250mg Tablets tramadol HCL 571 CTNS X50 ROLLSX10X10 TABS; Tramadol 120mg Capsules tramadol Hcl 129 CTNS X30ROLLSX20X10 CAPS; Tramadol 225mg Tabs tramadol Hcl 415 CTNSX50 ROLLSX10X10 TABS; really extra diclofenac tablets 50 mg diclofenac & caffeine 58 CTN X 50 X 10 X 10 tabs; and relity extra diclofenac tablets 50 MG diclofenac 24 CTN X 50 X 10 X 10 tabs

“The street value of the drugs was estimated at N95 Billion (Ninety-five billion Naira).
A team of NAFDAC officers (including Investigation & Enforcement Directorate officers), led by Prof Adebayo, the Director of the Ports Inspection Directorate traveled to Cotonou where the destruction exercise of the five containers took place on the 21st and 22nd of December 2022.

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She continued: “This international landmark achievement (that had never been recorded in the history of the two countries and NAFDAC) did not come without the unflinching efforts of the staff of Ports Inspection Directorate in Apapa and Seme Border.

“The Management and Governing Council of NAFDAC would like to recognize the support of the following partners in the fight against misuse and abuse of drugs: The a) Government of the Republic Benin; b) Nigerian Embassy in the Republic of Benin,
c) Nigeria Customs Service, and
d) Ghana Food and Drug Agency

Finally, our appreciation goes again to all individuals who have contributed in a significant way to ensure that today becomes a reality. More importantly, to the gallant officers of the Ports Inspection Directorate (Seme and Apapa) who refused to be compromised by ensuring that the Agency continues in her efforts at safeguarding the health of the nation.

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“Thank you all for believing in us as we continue to safeguard the health of the nation”, she stated.

Adeyeye thanked President Muhammadu Buhari (GCFR) for returning NAFDAC to the ports in May 2018 after a seven-year absence.

Saying, it was the return of NAFDAC to Nigerian ports that made the four and a half years of monitoring of unregistered pharmaceuticals including tramadol to be possible.

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She also thanked Comptroller General (Col.) Ahmed Ali (rtd.) whose leadership fostered the collaboration and the success of NAFDAC’s regulatory activities.

“The Agency is grateful to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Nigerian Ambassadors to the Benin Republic – Excellency Oguntuase and Excellency Aluko for their resilience and professionalism over the period of monitoring.

“I want to thank the staff of the Ports Inspection Directorate of NAFDAC who doggedly ensured that the Agency’s mandate was carried out, i.e., regulating and control of the importation of regulated products.”

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Health

REVEALED: S3x during menstruation increases risk of HIV, other STDs, says Gynaecologist

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A professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Solomon Avidime, has cautioned against having vaginal sexual intercourse with a menstruating woman, noting that it could expose partners to the risk of contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.

According to the gynaecologist, the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases is high when partners have sexual intercourse when the woman is menstruating.

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Prof. Avidime who made tyis dosclosured stated that HIV infections can occur as a negative consequence of sexual intercourse during menses.

Besides the risk of contracting STIs, the professor said that vaginal sexual intercourse with a menstruating woman could also lead to an increase in the flow of menstrual blood because the veins of the uterus are congested and prone to rupture, and thus could be damaged easily.

Prof. Avidime stressed that sexual intercourse during the menstrual period also exposes partners to the risk of different kinds of sexually-transmitted infections.

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“The risk of contracting sexually-transmitted diseases is high during sexual intercourse when the woman is menstruating. It is high in both women and men.

“HIV infection can occur as a negative consequence of sexual intercourse during menses. The risk of contracting gonorrhea and hepatitis is also high.

“So, to prevent infection, it is better to avoid sexual intercourse during menstruation. It is not safe it”, he said.

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When asked if a woman could ovulate during her menstrual flow or get pregnant during such a period, Prof Avidime said it is remotely possible for a woman to get pregnant during her monthly period if she engages in sexual intercourse.

He said this is especially common among women that have shorter cycles like 21 days or less.

He, however, said that ovulation does not occur during menses.

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According to an online portal, American Pregnancy, menstruation or a period is the bleeding that occurs when the endometrium is shed 12 to 16 days after ovulation.

With this definition, a woman cannot ovulate while on her period.

The portal, however, said some women experience mid-cycle or ovulatory bleeding (bleeding that occurs around ovulation) and may mistake it for a period.

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“This can happen to women with very irregular cycles coming once every three months or two to three times in one month.

“Mid-cycle bleeding can occur in women with regular cycles as well. They may experience what appears to be a period, but, in reality, this is most likely ovulatory bleeding. Ovulation can occur when you experience mid-cycle or ovulatory bleeding.

“Keep in mind that while you cannot technically ovulate while on a period because sperm can live in the body for three to five days after sex, pregnancy could occur from intercourse that takes place during a period,” it noted.

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According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, most women experience a 28-day menstrual cycle.

“This cycle lasts from the first day of menstrual bleeding to the day before bleeding begins the following month.

“The length of the cycle varies between individuals, but is usually between 26 and 32 days long, with 28 days being the average.

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“The most fertile time of the menstrual cycle is between days eight and 19,” ACOG said.

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Ultra-processed foods may raise cancer risk in women, Study reveals

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By Francesca Iwambe

Eating ultra-processed food could increase the risk of cancers, especially ovarian cancer in women, a new study has revealed.

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The study conducted on over 197,000 people with more than half being women looked at the association between eating ultra-processed foods and 34 different types of cancer over 10 years.

The study which was published in the medical journal eClinicalMedicine, an open-access clinical journal, published by The Lancet, examined information on the eating habits of the 197,426 people who were part of the UK Biobank.

The study noted that the amount of ultra-processed foods consumed by people in the study ranged from a low of 9.1 per cent to a high of 41.4 per cent of their diet.

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Over the years, the eating patterns were compared with medical records that listed both diagnoses and deaths from cancer.

A statement made by Imperial College London on the findings of the research stated that “each 10 per cent increase in ultra-processed food consumption was associated with a 2 per cent increase in developing any cancer, and a 19 per cent increased risk for being diagnosed with ovarian cancer.

“Deaths from cancers also increased. For each additional 10 per cent increase in ultra-processed food consumption, the risk of dying from any cancer increased by 6 per cent, while the risk of dying from ovarian cancer rose by 30 per cent.”

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Of note also is the fact that “these associations persisted after adjustment for a range of socio-demographic, smoking status, physical activity, and key dietary factors,” the authors revealed.

According to Heath.harvard.edu, ultra-processed foods most likely have many added ingredients such as sugar, salt, fat, and artificial colours or preservatives and are made mostly from substances extracted from foods, such as fats, starches, added sugars, and hydrogenated fats.

These overly processed foods may also contain additives like artificial colours and flavours or stabilizers.
Foods classified as ultra-processed or overly processed include foods like pre-packaged soups, sauces, frozen pizza and ready-to-eat meals, hot dogs, sausages, french fries, sodas, store-bought cookies, cakes, candies, doughnuts, and ice cream.

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Also, soft drinks, cold cuts, and salty snacks are ultra-processed foods.

Speaking on the study, the first author and National Institute for Health and Care Research fellow at the Imperial College London School of Public Health, Dr. Kiara Chang explained that ultra-processed foods are produced with industrially derived ingredients and often use food additives to adjust colour, flavour, consistency, texture, or extend shelf life.

She, however, added that the different human bodies would react differently to these ultra-processed ingredients and additives as they do to fresh and nutritious minimally processed foods.

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Common causes of mental illnesses many people don’t know about

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By Francesca Iwambe

Mental illness according to webmd, is a common condition that affects millions of people around the world. While there are many well-known causes of mental illness, such as genetics and traumatic events, there are also many lesser-known causes that can contribute to the development of mental health issues. In this article, NaijaBlitzNews HEALTH explore some of the common causes of mental illness that many people may not be aware of.

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Medical conditions:

Certain medical conditions can increase the risk of developing mental illness. For example, people with chronic pain, heart disease, or diabetes may be more likely to develop depression or anxiety. Additionally, certain medications used to treat these conditions can also contribute to the development of mental health issues.

Substance abuse: The use of drugs and alcohol can also contribute to the development of mental illness. For example, people who abuse substances such as cocaine and methamphetamine may be at a higher risk for developing psychosis, while those who abuse alcohol may be more likely to develop depression or anxiety.

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Social isolation: People who are socially isolated may be at a higher risk for developing mental illness. This is because social connections and support can provide protection against mental health issues. People who are isolated may also be more likely to engage in risky behaviors such as substance abuse, which can further increase their risk for mental illness.

Trauma: Traumatic events, such as physical or sexual abuse, can also contribute to the development of mental illness. For example, people who have experienced trauma may be more likely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can lead to symptoms such as flashbacks, anxiety, and depression.

Nutritional deficiencies: Nutritional deficiencies can also contribute to the development of mental illness. For example, people who do not get enough of certain vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin B12 and folate, may be at a higher risk for developing depression and anxiety. Additionally, people who have eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia, may also be at a higher risk for developing mental health issues.

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Sleep disorders: Sleep disorders, such as insomnia or sleep apnea, can also contribute to the development of mental illness. For example, people who do not get enough sleep may be at a higher risk for developing depression and anxiety. Additionally, people who have sleep disorders may also be more likely to engage in risky behaviors such as substance abuse, which can further increase their risk for mental illness.

Chronic stress: Chronic stress can also contribute to the development of mental illness. For example, people who are under constant stress may be at a higher risk for developing depression and anxiety. Additionally, people who have chronic stress may also be more likely to engage in risky behaviors such as substance abuse, which can further increase their risk for mental illness.

It is important to note that mental illness is complex and can be caused by a combination of different factors. Additionally, not everyone who experiences these risk factors will develop a mental illness.

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However, understanding these common causes of mental illness can help people take steps to reduce their risk and seek help if they do develop mental health issues.

If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of a mental illness, it is important to seek help. Treatment for mental illness can include therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes. Additionally, it is important to seek help early, as early intervention can increase the chances of a successful outcome.

In conclusion, mental illness is a common condition that affects millions of people around the world. While there are many well-known causes of mental illness, such as genetics and traumatic events, there are also many lesser-known causes that can contribute to the development of mental health issues.

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Understanding these common causes of mental illness can help people take steps to reduce their risk and seek help if they do develop mental health issues.
It is important to note that mental illness is a complex condition that can be caused by a combination of different factors.

Additionally, not everyone who experiences these risk factors will develop a mental illness. However, understanding these common causes of mental illness can help people take steps to reduce their risk and seek help if they do develop mental health issues.

One of the key ways to reduce the risk of mental illness is to maintain good physical and mental health. This includes getting regular exercise, eating a healthy diet, getting enough sleep, and managing stress. Additionally, people can also reduce their risk of mental illness by avoiding substance abuse and engaging in positive social activities.

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Another important step in reducing the risk of mental illness is to seek help early if symptoms develop. This can include seeing a therapist or counselor, taking medication, or participating in a support group.

Early intervention can increase the chances of a successful outcome, so it is important to seek help as soon as possible.

In conclusion, mental illness is a common condition that affects millions of people around the world. While there are many well-known causes of mental illness, such as genetics and traumatic events, there are also many lesser-known causes that can contribute to the development of mental health issues.

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Understanding these common causes of mental illness can help people take steps to reduce their risk and seek help if they do develop mental health issues. By maintaining good physical and mental health, avoiding substance abuse, and seeking help early, people can reduce their risk of mental illness and improve their overall well-being

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