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CBN restricts Dollar from BDC to $10k for school fees, $5k for medicare

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The Central Bank of Nigeria has placed limits on the foreign exchange sales by Bureau De Change (BDC) operators in a new document titled: “Revised Regulatory and Supervisory Guidelines for Bureau De Change Operations in Nigeria”.

The circular with Ref: FPR/DIR/PUB/CIR/002/006 dated February 23, 2024 and titled: “Revised Regulatory and Supervisory Guidelines for Bureau De Change Operations in Nigeria – Exposure Draft,” was signed by the Director, Financial Policy and Regulation Department, Mr Haruna B. Mustafa.

In the reversed regulatory guidelines, CBN stated that BDCs may sell foreign currency in the equivalent of $4,000 and $5,000 for personal travel allowance (PTA) or business travel allowance (BTA), respectively, to an individual once every six months.

According to the Bankers’ bank the sale of foreign currencies to the intending travellers would have to be accompanied with their bank verification number (BVN) or tax identification number (TIN), duly completed e-form, valid international passport, valid visa, as well as valid international return ticket.

In addition, for BTA, the apex bank said letter of request from the corporate body stating the purpose of the visit addressed to the processing BDC, as well as certificate of the business registration or incorporation, must be submitted by customers.

Also, the CBN mandated that letter of invitation from the customer’s overseas business partner and tax clearance certificate, be presented by the customers.

“The amount of foreign currency sold and date of sale shall be endorsed on the passport. A photocopy of the documents, forex endorsement page and sales receipt shall be filed in a sequential order by the BDC,” CBN said.

CBN also said BDCs may sell foreign currency up to the equivalent of $5,000 to a customer for medical bills once a year.

Such bill, CBN said, shall be transferred from the BDC’s domiciliary account with a Nigerian bank.

“It shall be paid directly to the hospital and supported by valid visa, duly completed e-Form A, letter of reference from a specialist doctor, or a specialist hospital in Nigeria, and valid international passport,” the apex bank said.

Other necessary documents listed by the financial regulator include valid air ticket, and letter issued by the overseas specialist doctor stating the cost of treatment.

According to the apex bank, BDCs may sell foreign currency up to the equivalent of $10,000 to a customer for school fees once a year.

“Such fee, which shall be transferred from the BDC’s domiciliary account with a Nigerian bank, shall be paid directly to the school and supported by the following documents: duly completed e-Form A, evidence of admission/course programme, valid air ticket, and letter issued by the overseas specialist doctor stating the cost of treatment, and school bill/invoice,” CBN said.

“For post-graduate studies, photocopy of first degree certificate or its equivalent/certified true copy of statement of result by the awarding institution.

“The CBN may review the amounts and frequencies for sale of foreign exchange from time to time.”

A beneficiary of foreign currency sale may receive up to 25 percent of the foreign currency in cash, according to the CBN, and the remaining 75 percent shall be transferred to the customer electronically (to the customer’s Nigerian domiciliary account or prepaid travel card).

CBN, However, noted that the guidelines significantly enhances the regulatory framework for the operations of Bureau De Change as part of ongoing reforms of the Nigerian foreign exchange market.

The letter partly read: “Pursuant to the powers conferred under Section 56 of the Banks and Other Financial Institutions Act, 2020 (BOFIA), the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) hereby issues this draft revised Regulatory and Supervisory Guidelines for Bureau de Change (BDC) Operations in Nigeria for stakeholder comments and/or inputs.

“The Guidelines significantly enhances the regulatory framework for the operations of Bureau De Change as part of ongoing reforms of the Nigerian foreign exchange market. The Guidelines revises the permissible activities, licensing requirements, corporate governance, and Anti-Money Laundering/Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) provisions for BDCs.

“It also sets out new record-keeping and reporting requirements, among others,” the circular indicated. It advised that every comments should be directed to the Director, Financial Policy and Regulation Department Central Bank of Nigeria, Abuja with soft copies mailed to PolicyandRegulationDivision@cbn.gov.ng by March 4, 2024.

In the draft reversed guidelines, the apex bank stated that “No person shall carry on the business of BDC in Nigeria except with the prior authorization of the CBN.”

It defined a BDC as a company licensed by the CBN to carry on only retail foreign exchange business in Nigeria.

On non-eligible promoters, the CBN listed categories of people and organisations that shall not be allowed to participate in the ownership of BDCs, directly or indirectly among whom are:

“Commercial, merchant, non-interest and payment service banks; Other Financial Institutions (OFIs), including holding companies and payment service providers and Serving staff of financial services regulatory and supervisory agencies.

“Serving staff of regulated financial services providers; Governments at all levels; Public officers as defined in 5th Schedule Part IV of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

“Non Governmental organizations; Cooperative societies; Charitable organizations; Academic and religious institutions; Non-Nigerian non-resident natural persons; Non-Nigerian resident natural persons and Non-resident non-regulated companies.

“Telecommunication services providers; Sanctioned individuals and entities; A shareholder in another BDC (whether directly or indirectly); Any other entity that the CBN may from time to time designate.”

Under Permissible Activities; the apex bank stated that a BDC may: “Acquire foreign currency from the sources listed in Section 4.0; Sell foreign exchange as detailed in Section 5.0; Open foreign currency and naira accounts with Commercial or Non-Interest Banks (CNIBs); Collaborate with their banks to issue prepaid cards. And Serve as cash-out points for International Money Transfer Operators (IMTOs).”

On the Non-Permissible Activities, the CBN stated that a BDC or its franchisee shall not engage in –

“Street-trading; Maintaining any type of account for any member of the public, including accepting any asset for safe keeping/custody.

“Taking deposits from or granting loans to members of the public in any currency and in any form; International outward transfers; Retail sale of foreign currencies to non-individuals, except for BTA

“Engaging in off-shore business or maintaining foreign correspondent relationship with any foreign establishment. Opening or maintaining any account with any bank or financial institution outside

Nigeria. Acting as custodian of foreign currency on behalf of customers.

“International inward transfers, except for operators that serve as cash-out points for IMTOs. Borrowing sums which in aggregate exceed the equivalent of 30 per cent of its shareholders’ funds unimpaired by losses, in the BDC’s audited financial statements of the preceding year.

“Engaging in forwards, futures, options, or other derivative/speculative transactions. Obtaining foreign exchange from sources other than those listed in Section 4.0. Granting of loans and advances in any currency. Selling foreign exchange on credit to any customer. Engaging in any trade-related import activities.

“Serving as payment or collection agents on behalf of customers. Dealing in gold or other precious metals. Carrying on capital market, insurance and/or pension sector activities. Establishing subsidiaries.

Any foreign exchange transaction that involves illicit financial flows.

“Financing of political activities. All other businesses not expressly permitted by this Guidelines. Any other activity as may from time to time be termed “non-permissible” by the CBN.

On the Sources of Foreign Currencies; the apex bank listed the following as conditions that shall apply for the sourcing of foreign currencies by BDCs:

“i. A BDC may source foreign currency from: a. Tourists. b. Returnees from the diaspora. c. Expatriates with foreign exchange inflows from work, travel, investment or their domiciliary accounts.

“d. Residents with foreign exchange inflows from work, travel, investment or their domiciliary accounts. e. International Money Transfer Operators (IMTOs),

f. Embassies. g. Hotels that are authorised buyers of foreign currencies. h. The Nigerian Foreign Exchange Market (NFEM). i. Any other source that the CBN may specify.”

“ii. Sellers of the equivalent of USD10,000 and above to a BDC are required to declare the source of the foreign exchange and comply with all AML/CFT/CPF regulations and foreign exchange laws and regulations.”

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Econony

Naira Depreciates Against The Dollar Again

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The Naira, yesterday, depreciated to N1,105 per dollar in the parallel market, from N1,100 per dollar on Tuesday.

Recall that it was earlier reported that the Naira declined to ₦1,100 per dollar in the parallel market on Tuesday, from ₦1,080 per dollar it traded the previous day.

Reports revealed that the Naira also depreciated in the Nigerian Foreign Exchange Market (NAFEM) to ₦1,148.14 per dollar.

However, despite depreciating to N1,105 on Wednesday, it appreciated in the Nigerian Foreign Exchange Market to N1,072.74 per dollar.

Data from FMDQ showed that the indicative exchange rate for NAFEM fell to N1,072.74 per dollar from N1,148.14 per dollar on Tuesday, indicating N75.4 appreciation for the naira.

Consequently, the margin between the parallel market and NAFEM rates narrowed to N32.26 per dollar from N48.14 per dollar on Tuesday.

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Econony

Nigeria’s FX reserves drop to $32bn, lowest in six years

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Nigeria’s foreign reserves fell to $32.29 billion on April 15, the lowest in over six years.

According to the latest data from the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN, the reserves moved from $34.44 billion, the highest level in 2024, to $32.2 billion on April 15.

The foreign reserves dropped by $2.15 billion or 6.26 per cent.

This brings to an end, a period of steady increase between February 5 and March 18, when the FX reserves rose by $1.28 billion.

CBN had attributed the growth to increased remittance payments from Nigerians abroad and heightened interest from foreign investors in local assets, including government debt securities.

The last time the foreign reserves stood at this level ($32.29 billion) was on September 9, 2017, when the CBN reported N32.28 billion.

The decline in foreign reserves comes amid CBN’s intervention in the parallel market in a bid to crash the FX rate.

On February 27, the apex bank allocated $20,000 to each bureau de change (BDC) operator at the rate of N1,301/$, while the second tranche of $10,000 was sold to the BDCs at the rate of N1,251/$.

On April 8, the apex bank began the third tranche of sales to BDCs at N1,101/$.

Amid this intervention, the naira appreciated against the dollar in the parallel market, moving from N1,900 per dollar on February 21, to N1,100/$ on April 13.

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SEE Black Market Dollar To Naira Exchange Rate Today 17 April 2024

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Black Market Dollar To Naira Exchange Rate Today 17 April 2024 Can Be Accessed 👇

The official naira black market exchange rate in Nigeria today including the Black Market rates, Bureau De Change (BDC), and CBN rates. Please note that the exchange rate is subject to hourly fluctuations influenced by the supply and demand of dollars in the market.

As of now, you can purchase 1 dollar at a certain rate now, however, it’s important to keep in mind that the rate can shift (either upwards or downwards) within hours.

 

What is the dollar-to-naira black market exchange rate?

The local currency (abokiFx) opened at ₦1,115.00 per $1 at the parallel market otherwise known as the black market, today, Wednesday, 17 April 2024, in Lagos Nigeria, after it closed at ₦1,110.00 per $1 on Tuesday, 16 April 2024.

Dollar to Naira (USD to NGN) Black Market Exchange Rate Today
Buying Rate ₦1,050
Selling Rate ₦1,100
How does the black market dollar-to-naira exchange rate compare to the official rate?

The official exchange rate of the US dollar to the Nigerian naira, as of today, 17 April 2024, is ₦ 1,161 per US dollar.
This is the rate that the CBN uses for its transactions and interventions in the foreign exchange market. The official rate is also the basis for the exchange rates of other foreign currencies, such as the euro, the pound sterling, and the Chinese yuan.

The difference between the black market rate and the official rate is called the parallel market premium. The parallel market premium indicates the degree of divergence between the official and unofficial markets, and reflects the level of confidence in the naira and the CBN’s policies.

Disclaimer:We do not set or determine forex rates. The official NAFEX rates are obtained from the website of the FMDQOTC. Parallel market rates (black market rates) are obtained from various sources including online media outlets. The rates you buy or sell forex may be different from what is captured in this article.

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