Connect with us


CBN restricts Dollar from BDC to $10k for school fees, $5k for medicare



The Central Bank of Nigeria has placed limits on the foreign exchange sales by Bureau De Change (BDC) operators in a new document titled: “Revised Regulatory and Supervisory Guidelines for Bureau De Change Operations in Nigeria”.

The circular with Ref: FPR/DIR/PUB/CIR/002/006 dated February 23, 2024 and titled: “Revised Regulatory and Supervisory Guidelines for Bureau De Change Operations in Nigeria – Exposure Draft,” was signed by the Director, Financial Policy and Regulation Department, Mr Haruna B. Mustafa.

In the reversed regulatory guidelines, CBN stated that BDCs may sell foreign currency in the equivalent of $4,000 and $5,000 for personal travel allowance (PTA) or business travel allowance (BTA), respectively, to an individual once every six months.

According to the Bankers’ bank the sale of foreign currencies to the intending travellers would have to be accompanied with their bank verification number (BVN) or tax identification number (TIN), duly completed e-form, valid international passport, valid visa, as well as valid international return ticket.


In addition, for BTA, the apex bank said letter of request from the corporate body stating the purpose of the visit addressed to the processing BDC, as well as certificate of the business registration or incorporation, must be submitted by customers.

Also, the CBN mandated that letter of invitation from the customer’s overseas business partner and tax clearance certificate, be presented by the customers.

“The amount of foreign currency sold and date of sale shall be endorsed on the passport. A photocopy of the documents, forex endorsement page and sales receipt shall be filed in a sequential order by the BDC,” CBN said.

CBN also said BDCs may sell foreign currency up to the equivalent of $5,000 to a customer for medical bills once a year.


Such bill, CBN said, shall be transferred from the BDC’s domiciliary account with a Nigerian bank.

“It shall be paid directly to the hospital and supported by valid visa, duly completed e-Form A, letter of reference from a specialist doctor, or a specialist hospital in Nigeria, and valid international passport,” the apex bank said.

Other necessary documents listed by the financial regulator include valid air ticket, and letter issued by the overseas specialist doctor stating the cost of treatment.

According to the apex bank, BDCs may sell foreign currency up to the equivalent of $10,000 to a customer for school fees once a year.


“Such fee, which shall be transferred from the BDC’s domiciliary account with a Nigerian bank, shall be paid directly to the school and supported by the following documents: duly completed e-Form A, evidence of admission/course programme, valid air ticket, and letter issued by the overseas specialist doctor stating the cost of treatment, and school bill/invoice,” CBN said.

“For post-graduate studies, photocopy of first degree certificate or its equivalent/certified true copy of statement of result by the awarding institution.

“The CBN may review the amounts and frequencies for sale of foreign exchange from time to time.”

A beneficiary of foreign currency sale may receive up to 25 percent of the foreign currency in cash, according to the CBN, and the remaining 75 percent shall be transferred to the customer electronically (to the customer’s Nigerian domiciliary account or prepaid travel card).


CBN, However, noted that the guidelines significantly enhances the regulatory framework for the operations of Bureau De Change as part of ongoing reforms of the Nigerian foreign exchange market.

The letter partly read: “Pursuant to the powers conferred under Section 56 of the Banks and Other Financial Institutions Act, 2020 (BOFIA), the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) hereby issues this draft revised Regulatory and Supervisory Guidelines for Bureau de Change (BDC) Operations in Nigeria for stakeholder comments and/or inputs.

“The Guidelines significantly enhances the regulatory framework for the operations of Bureau De Change as part of ongoing reforms of the Nigerian foreign exchange market. The Guidelines revises the permissible activities, licensing requirements, corporate governance, and Anti-Money Laundering/Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) provisions for BDCs.

“It also sets out new record-keeping and reporting requirements, among others,” the circular indicated. It advised that every comments should be directed to the Director, Financial Policy and Regulation Department Central Bank of Nigeria, Abuja with soft copies mailed to by March 4, 2024.


In the draft reversed guidelines, the apex bank stated that “No person shall carry on the business of BDC in Nigeria except with the prior authorization of the CBN.”

It defined a BDC as a company licensed by the CBN to carry on only retail foreign exchange business in Nigeria.

On non-eligible promoters, the CBN listed categories of people and organisations that shall not be allowed to participate in the ownership of BDCs, directly or indirectly among whom are:

“Commercial, merchant, non-interest and payment service banks; Other Financial Institutions (OFIs), including holding companies and payment service providers and Serving staff of financial services regulatory and supervisory agencies.


“Serving staff of regulated financial services providers; Governments at all levels; Public officers as defined in 5th Schedule Part IV of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

“Non Governmental organizations; Cooperative societies; Charitable organizations; Academic and religious institutions; Non-Nigerian non-resident natural persons; Non-Nigerian resident natural persons and Non-resident non-regulated companies.

“Telecommunication services providers; Sanctioned individuals and entities; A shareholder in another BDC (whether directly or indirectly); Any other entity that the CBN may from time to time designate.”

Under Permissible Activities; the apex bank stated that a BDC may: “Acquire foreign currency from the sources listed in Section 4.0; Sell foreign exchange as detailed in Section 5.0; Open foreign currency and naira accounts with Commercial or Non-Interest Banks (CNIBs); Collaborate with their banks to issue prepaid cards. And Serve as cash-out points for International Money Transfer Operators (IMTOs).”


On the Non-Permissible Activities, the CBN stated that a BDC or its franchisee shall not engage in –

“Street-trading; Maintaining any type of account for any member of the public, including accepting any asset for safe keeping/custody.

“Taking deposits from or granting loans to members of the public in any currency and in any form; International outward transfers; Retail sale of foreign currencies to non-individuals, except for BTA

“Engaging in off-shore business or maintaining foreign correspondent relationship with any foreign establishment. Opening or maintaining any account with any bank or financial institution outside


Nigeria. Acting as custodian of foreign currency on behalf of customers.

“International inward transfers, except for operators that serve as cash-out points for IMTOs. Borrowing sums which in aggregate exceed the equivalent of 30 per cent of its shareholders’ funds unimpaired by losses, in the BDC’s audited financial statements of the preceding year.

“Engaging in forwards, futures, options, or other derivative/speculative transactions. Obtaining foreign exchange from sources other than those listed in Section 4.0. Granting of loans and advances in any currency. Selling foreign exchange on credit to any customer. Engaging in any trade-related import activities.

“Serving as payment or collection agents on behalf of customers. Dealing in gold or other precious metals. Carrying on capital market, insurance and/or pension sector activities. Establishing subsidiaries.


Any foreign exchange transaction that involves illicit financial flows.

“Financing of political activities. All other businesses not expressly permitted by this Guidelines. Any other activity as may from time to time be termed “non-permissible” by the CBN.

On the Sources of Foreign Currencies; the apex bank listed the following as conditions that shall apply for the sourcing of foreign currencies by BDCs:

“i. A BDC may source foreign currency from: a. Tourists. b. Returnees from the diaspora. c. Expatriates with foreign exchange inflows from work, travel, investment or their domiciliary accounts.


“d. Residents with foreign exchange inflows from work, travel, investment or their domiciliary accounts. e. International Money Transfer Operators (IMTOs),

f. Embassies. g. Hotels that are authorised buyers of foreign currencies. h. The Nigerian Foreign Exchange Market (NFEM). i. Any other source that the CBN may specify.”

“ii. Sellers of the equivalent of USD10,000 and above to a BDC are required to declare the source of the foreign exchange and comply with all AML/CFT/CPF regulations and foreign exchange laws and regulations.”

Continue Reading


Windfall tax: FG insists on sanctions for defaulting bank chiefs




The Federal Government has reiterated that the principal officers of banks who refuse to comply with the law on the windfall tax on banks’ foreign exchange profits will be sanctioned.

The government’s position was reiterated on Monday at the National Assembly when the Minister of Finance, Wale Edun, and the Chairman of the Federal Inland Revenue Service, Zack Adediji, met with the finance committees of both chambers on the Amendment of the Finance Bill, 2024.

Last week Wednesday, the Senate gave expeditious passage to President Bola Tinubu’s request to amend the Finance Act to impose a one-time windfall tax on banks’ foreign exchange profits in 2023.

A windfall tax is a higher tax levied by the government on sectors or businesses that have disproportionately benefited from favourable market conditions.


The President said the money would be part of the revenue used to fund the additional N6.2tn added to the 2024 budget.

The bill which has passed the second reading states, “The Federal Inland Revenue shall assess the realised profits, collect, account, and enforce payment of levy payable under section 30 in accordance with the powers of the Service under the Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007; and in the exercise of its functions in 32(a) above, may enter into a deferred payment agreement with the assessed banks, provided that such deferred payment agreement is executed on or before December 31, 2024.

“Any bank that fails to pay the windfall profit levy to the service and has not executed a deferred payment agreement before December 31, 2024, commits an offence and shall, upon conviction, be liable to pay the windfall profit levy withheld or not remitted in addition to a penalty of 10 per cent of the levy withheld or not remitted per annum and interest at the prevailing Central Bank of Nigeria minimum rediscount rate and imprisonment of its principal officers for a period of not more than three years.

“Financial year means either the year commencing from January 1, 2023 to December 31, 2023, or any period within the financial year not aligned with the calendar year comprising twelve calendar months of the bank’s financial activity,” it added.


Speaking at the meeting, Edun said, the “bank windfall” profit levy, though small still constituted an important contribution to government finances at a time when revenues had substantially increased despite minimising taxes.

In his explanation, the FIRS chairman explained that the windfall tax was not a new tax imposed on banks.

Adedeji said, “These are the gains that you have without any contribution from you, without any value addition. They result from the effect of an adverse activity on others. And who are these others? If you look at the report of all manufacturing entities in the last one and a half years, you will discover that a lot of registered companies recorded huge losses from exchange transactions.

“Anywhere in the world, your duty as the government is to redistribute the wealth to sustain the progress and prosperity of the nation.


“So the loss suffered by manufacturing, as a result of these foreign gains, which is being recorded in the bank is what the government seeks to redistribute. And that is why we have this levy.

“So we seek your permission and your understanding in balancing this economic inequality that has occasioned due to the circumstances that we find ourselves.”

Speaking on the sharing formula, the FIRS chairman proposed that it be distributed 50/50 between banks and the government.

He said, “These gains that are realised, the levy proposal today is 50 (per cent) for the bank and 50 (per cent) for the government.”


Raising the issue of penalty as stated in the bill, Senator Isah Jibrin ( APC, Kogi East), asked that the bill be more explicit.

He said, “My area of worry is concerning the penalty, we need to be very explicit on it.

“On the issue of penalty, here it is stated, 10 per cent of the tax withheld or not remitted per annum and interest at the prevailing Central Bank of Nigeria MRR. So what are we going to do? 10 per cent is like coming from nowhere, so I would suggest that we align the MRR.”

“Then at what point does the issue of imprisonment of the officials come in? At what point do we now say, okay, enough is enough and the officials should be arrested after default, is it after a month, a year, two years, or three years.”


Responding to this, Edun said it was unlikely that banks would defy the government, but noted there were penalties for those who defaulted.

The finance minister said, “To be fair to the banks there is no reason to assume that’s what they trying to do. Let us give the benefit of the doubt to one another.

“Well there has to be, there has to be something that will serve as a deterrent. The penalties have to be there. And at the end of the day, tax evasion is a criminal offence.

“For underreporting of profits by the bank, we have enough technical ability to look at what the bank’s audited accounts say and track the level of foreign exchange and the profits therefrom.”


Adedeji also allayed fears regarding possible cases of underreporting.

He noted that the CBN in a memo in September 2023 and March this year had directed commercial banks in the country not to touch or spend the profits they made from foreign exchange transactions.

Continue Reading


Dangote to scrap steel investment plan in Nigeria over allegations of monopoly




The President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Dangote Group, Aliko Dangote, has announced that the company will abandon its plans to enter Nigeria’s steel industry to avoid being branded a monopoly.

Dangote made this disclosure in a statement on Saturday while addressing journalists at his refinery in Lagos.

The business tycoon explained that the company’s board decided to avoid the steel industry to prevent accusations of attempting to monopolize it.

Furthermore, he noted that pursuing this venture would involve encouraging the importation of raw materials from overseas, which contradicts the firm’s core mandate.


“You know, about doing a new business which we announced, that is, the steel.

“Actually, our own board has decided that we shouldn’t do the steel because if we do the steel business, we will be called all sorts of names like monopoly. And then also, imports will be encouraged. So we don’t want to go into that,” he said.

Dangote, however, urged other Nigerians to invest in the industry to help boost the country’s economy.

“Let other Nigerians go and do it. We are not the only Nigerians here. There are some Nigerians with more cash than us. They should bring that money from Dubai and other parts of the world and invest in our own fatherland,” the CEO added.


In June, Nairametrics reported that Aliko Dangote said his company plans to delve into steel production in the near future stating that he wants to ensure that every steel used in West Africa comes from Nigeria.

He noted that the next venture after the refinery project would be in steel manufacturing and ensure that all steel products used in West Africa come from Nigeria.

“I don’t like people coming to take our solid minerals to process and bring the finished product. We should try and industrialise our continent and take it to the next level.

“I told somebody we are not going to take any break. What we are trying to do is to make sure at least in West Africa, we want to make sure that every single steel that we use will come from Nigeria”, Dangote said at that time.


Nigeria has tried unsuccessfully to become a leader in the steel manufacturing industry with a handful of failed projects like the Ajaokuta steel plant, Delta Steel Company, Osogbo and Jos rolling mills even under government and private ownership.

Like the oil refineries, the federal government under different administrations has spent billions trying to put the local steel plants to work but has been unsuccessful.

The administration of President Bola Tinubu had promised during the campaigns to ensure steel production starts in the multi-billion-dollar Ajaokuta steel complex.

Dangote investment in the industry might have been a game changer, attracting more capital and economic opportunity to the sector.


However, with the recent revelation and decision from the African richest man, the steel industry may still linger in the shadow of under investment for years to come.

Continue Reading


SEE Dollar to Naira Exchange Rate at the Black Market Today, July 20, 2024




Many Nigerians, especially those engaged in foreign trade, travel, and investment, always tend to be very sensitive and inquisitive about the US dollar-to-naira exchange rate. Parallel market rates, otherwise referred to as black market or Aboki FX rates, would often show different prices from the official Central Bank of Nigeria current rates. For many, this is a critical source of foreign exchange. How much is a dollar to naira now in black market? Dollar to naira exchange rate at black market yesterday (Aboki dollar rate): The exchange rate for a dollar to naira selling at Lagos Parallel Market (Black Market), yesterday, July 19, 2024, players bought dollars for N 1555 and sold at N 1565 according to sources at Bureau De Change, BDC.

Please take note that the Central Bank of Nigeria does not recognize the parallel market, popularly known as the black market, for it has directed anybody willing to sell Forex to go to their respective banks. Dollar to Naira Black Market Rate Today, July 20, 2024 Advertisement Buying Rate: N1575 Selling Rate: N1580 Dollar to Naira CBN Exchange Rate Some stability may come with a government-regulated setting of official rates by the Central Bank of Nigeria. View current rates below:

Dollar to Naira (USD to NGN) CBN Rate Today: Buying Rate: N1655 Selling Rate: N1656 These rates reflect government policies aimed at stabilizing the naira and managing foreign exchange reserves. Businesses and individuals who prefer regulated transactions frequently utilise these rates for their transactions. Please note that the rate at which you are selling or buying forex may not be the same during capture in this piece because prices keep varying.


Dollar to Naira Exchange Rate at Black Market (Aboki FX) July 20, 2024: USD to NGN CBN Rate Advertisement Pounds and Euro to Naira Exchange Rates For those dealing with currencies other than the US dollar, here are the latest rates: Pounds to Naira (CBN Rates) Buying Rate: ₦2,107 Selling Rate: ₦2,108 Euro to Naira (Black Market Rates) Buying Rate: ₦1,767 Selling Rate: ₦1,769

These rates are also subject to market conditions and economic policies.

Continue Reading


Copyright © 2024 Naija Blitz News