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Eating more than two mangoes daily may worsen gestational diabetes , Experts warns



Eating more than two mangoes daily may worsen gestational diabetes , Experts warns

By Francesca Hangeior

While mangoes are indeed a nutrient powerhouse, packed with iron, vitamin C, A, and B6, potassium, and folic acid, experts caution that consuming more than two mangoes a day could worsen complications for women with gestational diabetes and called for moderation.

Being the season of mango with over 300 varieties to be enjoyed worldwide, specialists warn that excess consumption of mangoes with a glycemic index between 51 and 55 may put pregnant women with gestational diabetes at a higher risk of complications.

They, however, cautioned pregnant women with gestational diabetes who crave mangoes to eat them in moderation without peeling the back to reduce their sugar content.

According to them, overeating can lead to excess weight gain, which also worsens gestational diabetes.

An online medical portal, Cleveland Clinic, described gestational diabetes as the type that develops in pregnancy when blood sugar levels get too high.

This, it, usually appears between 24 and 28 weeks, and is usually pregnancy-induced.

Speaking exclusively with PUNCH Healthwise in different interviews, both nutritionists and diabetologists described the Glycemic Index as a number that gives an idea about how fast the body converts carbohydrates in food to glucose.

They said if GI is a way to rank foods containing carbohydrates on a scale from 1 to 100 based on how much they affect blood sugar levels, the smaller the number, the less impact the food has on blood sugar.

A Director of Nutrition Services and Health Education at the Osun State Primary Health Care Development Board, James Oloyede, said women with gestational diabetes can eat mangoes but in moderation.

He noted that the reason some foods make blood sugar shoot up faster is due to simple carbohydrates in them, such as refined sugars, which make it easier for the body to change into glucose, which is the sugar the body uses for energy.

Oloyede added, “Mango can still be consumed by someone with gestational diabetes. However, the consumption should be moderate.”

The Nutritionist said that this is important due to the high glycemic index of mango as a result of its high sugar content that confers on it the natural sweetness it has.

Oloyede, who recommended not too ripe and strong mangoes for pregnant women, said, “A ripe mango is naturally sweet. Most dieticians would recommend a 100g mango ripe but firm. Not the type that is already over-ripe.”

He noted that the yet to ripe mango contains less sugar and is ideal for pregnant women with gestational diabetes or even other patients with diabetes.

“Mangoes are rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. For a woman with gestational diabetes, excess consumption can trigger the complications associated with diabetes in pregnancy.

“The complications often result in poor pregnancy outcomes and incidence of diet-related non-communicable diseases in the children during adult life.”

According to him, it is crucial to ensure that such a woman takes a healthy diet rich in protein and carries out regular monitoring of sugar levels.

He noted that nutrition counselling from a nutritionist or dietician coupled with regular physical activity to manage gestational diabetes is required by women with such conditions.

“She should enjoy mango as an occasional treat, but give priority to nutrient-dense foods like vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats for a positive pregnancy outcome,” Oloyede added.

Corroborating his position, a Professor of Medicine and Endocrinology at the College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Olufemi Fasanmade said, “Mangoes should be eaten in moderation by women with gestational diabetes and others say one-to-two mangoes per sitting.”

Fasanmade, who is an expert in the management of diabetes, said though the GI of mango is within the medium level, he warned, “taking a large quantity of mango can lead to weight gain and eventually diabetes.”

The consultant endocrinologist said moderation is the watchword for mango consumption among pregnant women and advised those craving the fruit to eat both the inside and back, as the back is rich in fibre that would reduce the sugar level in the blood by not being digested and absorbed in the stomach.

Strengthening this assertion, a study by Candice Stamper et al, published in the National Library of Medicine and titled, ‘Effects of fresh vs dried mango consumption on satiety and postprandial glucose in healthy adults,’ affirms that consuming mango with its back helps to lower the high glucose content in the mango.

The study indicates that the mechanisms for mango with a medium glycemic index lowering glucose are attributed to its dietary fibre, indicating that fibre is not broken down into glucose by the small intestine like other digestible carbohydrates.

“Instead, it passes the gastrointestinal tract undigested into the colon where it is fermented by gut bacteria. Therefore, it does not lead to prolonged spiked glucose levels compared to foods that contain digestible carbohydrates and that do not contain high amounts of fibre.

“Another potential glucose-lowering mechanism of mango could be due to its abundant bioactive compounds like mangiferin. Mangiferin has been shown to have antidiabetic properties by decreasing glucose levels and insulin resistance by enhancing insulin sensitivity.

“Additionally, mangiferin is an inhibitor of glucosidase which are enzymes responsible for the breakdown of carbohydrates. Therefore, mangiferin could prevent a large amount of carbohydrates from being converted to glucose and absorbed in the intestine,” the study concluded.

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No Amount Of Foreign Aid Can Save Nigeria – Says Tinubu, Gives Reason



By Kayode Sanni-Arewa

President Bola Tinubu on Wednesday stated that no amount of aid from foreign countries or any other nation will fix Nigeria because “they take care of themselves first.”

The President said this when he appeared before a joint sitting of the National Assembly in Abuja, the nation’s capital.

Tinubu’s visit to the lawmakers comes as the nation marked 25 years of unbroken democracy.

The President stepped into the parliament at 12:28pm, accompanied by the Vice President, Senator Kashim Shettima.

Upon his arrival, the lawmakers recited the new national anthem, “Nigeria, we hail thee” which the President had earlier signed into law.

He briefed the MPs and praised them for their efforts in preserving the nation’s democracy for over two decades.

He continued: “Out of respect, I want to say thank you very much. This is the institution building the country.

“Our friends, old and new, to every Nigerian, I say congratulations to 25 years of unbroken democracy.”

“You rang out the latest national anthem, ‘Nigeria, we hail thee’. This is our diversity, representing all characters and how we blend to be brothers and sisters.

“We have no other choice; it is our nation. No other institution or personality will help us unless we do it ourselves. No amount of aid from foreign countries or any other nation (will fix us), they take care of themselves first. Let us work together as we are doing to build our nation, not only for us but for generations unborn.”

The Senate and the House of Representatives had previously passed the legislation to swap the national anthem from “Arise, O Compatriots” to “Nigeria, We Hail Thee” at separate sittings.

Lillian Jean Williams, a British expatriate who lived in Nigeria during its independence, penned the lyrics for “Nigeria, We Hail Thee,” while Frances Berda composed the music. The anthem played a significant role in shaping Nigeria’s national identity and unity during the 1960s and late 1970s.

He said, “Without this house (parliament), probably, I may not have found the path to the Presidency. It started all here. Please, continue to collaborate and work together. We have no other choice. It is our nation.”

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Reno Omokri Criticizes Tinubu Government: Calls Return of Old National Anthem a Step Backward and Unnecessary act



By Kayode Sanni-Arewa

Reno omokri a former Aide to President Goodluck Jonathan had reacted to changing of the Nigerian anthem to the old anthem, In a tweet on X (formerly known as Twitter) , he said “My heart is very heavy about Nigeria right now because, in my opinion, we just took a giant step backwards in our national journey. Now, do not get me wrong, I support the current economic policies of my country. Fuel subsidy removal and Naira flotation are necessary policies that any lover of Nigeria should adhere to regardless of party affiliation.

One of the most unnecessary acts of governance in Nigeria in recent times is the law returning the old National Anthem. First of all, there was nothing wrong with the existing anthem. Secondly, with all of the multifaceted issues we face, it seems like we have a lack of priorities, when we major on such a settled issue as an anthem.

To me, it looks like a step backwards to discard the ‘Arise, O Compatriots’ National Anthem written by a collective of young Nigerians, including John A. Ilechukwu, Eme Etim Akpan, B. A. Ogunnaike, Sota Omoigui and P. O. Aderibigbe in 1978, for ‘Nigeria, We Hail Thee’, written by an English woman, Lillian Jean Williams.

Does it not sound preposterous that a foreigner should write our National Anthem? Are we that shallow and uninspired that we cannot come up with our own indigenous anthem? You can imagine the land of such music icons, like Fela Kuti, Osita Osadebe, Dan Maraya Jos, and contemporary stars, like Sade Adu, Burna Boy, Davido and Wizkid, importing music of national significance from Britain. As my Yoruba brethren will say, ‘O wrong now!’

Already, the name Nigeria was given to us by another English lady, Flora Shaw. And she named us in 1897 in much the same way you name a dog. She did it tongue in cheek, for an article she wrote for The Times of London.

We ought to have even changed that name to something indigenous, such as the Republic of Wazobia, as Ghana did in 1957 when she changed from Gold Coast to Ghana at Independence in 1957.

We should also have reverted to the original name for Lagos, Eko. Lagos is an imposed Portuguese name. The annoying thing is that the Portuguese who renamed Eko as Lagos were just opportunistic slave traders who did not set up any viable administrative structure.

Instead of undertaking these name changes, we are rather doubling down on another colonial relic by discarding the anthem written by our own citizens for one written by a foreigner.

I dare anyone reading this to name another country whose National Anthem was written by a foreigner. Even a Banana Republic would not do that!

In my humble opinion, President Tinubu ought not to have assented to that bill. Instead, he should have written a strongly worded letter to communicate to the National Assembly the implications on our sovereignty and national psyche to revert to an anthem written by a foreigner, which would make us a free nation that willingly chose to return to the yoke of imperialism.

Is it too late for the President to do what he ought to have done? No. He is our Head of State and has a duty to promote indigenous ideas over imperialistic ones”.

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APC Lawmakers throw weight behind Ado Bayero



By Kayode Sanni-Arewa

As the emirship tussle continues in Kano State, the 12 members of the All Progressives Congress in the House of Assembly have pledged allegiance to the 15th Emir, Aminu Ado Bayero.

Led by the minority leader, Labaran Abdul Madari, the 12 lawmakers from APC paid homage to Ado Bayero at the Nassarawa Palace after the assembly’s plenary session on Tuesday.

Recall that a crisis has broken out since the reinstatement of Muhammadu Sanusi II as the 16th Emir of Kano at the weekend, after Governor Abba Yusuf repealed the five emirates council.

Both Sanusi and Ado Bayero have refused to bow to pressure of different court orders asking them to vacate the palace.

This has created tension in the city as different organisations including the police, ulamas, eminent figures, lawyers, politicians have tried to wade in to resolve the matter but the two sides refused to budge.

Meanwhile, as the APC lawmakers in the State House paid a visit to Ado Bayero, Kantin Kwari Market Traders Association did the same to Sanusi on Tuesday.

The delegation of the traders led by the state’s Commissioner for Commerce and Industry, Adamu Aliyu Kibiya, was at the emir’s palace, Kofar Kudu to register their allegiance and loyalty to the monarch.

Sanusi enjoined the traders to uphold the principles of honesty and fairness in all their business transactions, noting that Kano remains a leading commercial centre, attracting merchants from outside the country because of the contribution of traders.

The emir has been receiving visitors coming to pay homage since Sunday when 40 district heads and title holders pledged their allegiance.

Findings showed that vigilante groups and local hunters (Yan Tauri) are still keeping vigil at the palace.

Five DSS operatives were seen manning an entrance to one of the offices of the emir at Gidan Rumfa.

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