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Psychiatrists seek legislation to punish perpetrators as bullying rises



Psychiatrists seek legislation to punish perpetrators as bullying rises

By Francesca Hangeior

Mental health specialists have called on the National Assembly to enact laws that will holistically address and prevent bullying in the country.

The psychiatrists say with specific laws, the government can protect every Nigerian from bullying by ensuring that the perpetrators are brought to justice and their victims adequately compensated.

The physicians noted that bullying could have devastating physical, psychological, mental, and social impacts on victims if they are lucky to survive it.

The senior health professionals expressed concern over the high rate of bullying in the nation’s secondary schools and tertiary institutions.

According to them, bullying among young people has assumed a worrisome dimension in recent times and therefore, requires legislation to stop further spread of the menace.

The physicians identified dysfunctional homes and families where parents are very abusive and children are not loved as a major risk factor for bullying.

The authorities of Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology, Ikere Ekiti, on Wednesday expelled two female students for bullying a colleague.
The development followed the outcry that trailed the video of two female students assaulting another female student of the institution on social media.

In April, there was outrage and widespread condemnation on social media over a viral video of a female student at Lead British International School, Abuja, being bullied by her classmates.
The same month, another video depicting a separate case of bullying involving some male students in the school’s uniform emerged.

A Professor of Psychiatry at the Department of Psychiatry, College of Medical Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Taiwo Sheikh, told our correspondent that bullying is a big problem in Nigeria now while identifying physical bullying as the most common one in our environment.

He also said the situation could worsen the burden of mental health problems in the country if policymakers fail to urgently address the problem.

Sheikh, who is the immediate past President of the Association of Psychiatry in Nigeria, said the situation if not checked will lead to poor academic performance and also increase the number of out–of–school children.

The psychiatrist said children who are exposed to all sorts of traumatic life events grow up to become bullies.
The don said, “Children who are from very abusive parents, who abuse each other physically and emotionally tend to also become bullies.

“Children who have low self-esteem because of the background they come from and are not allowed to express themselves, have low self-confidence and may end up also becoming bullies.

“So also are those from broken homes; they have no participatory parental care where both parents are available for them. So they also end up becoming bullies because of the experiences that they have from such homes. So the home front is a very significant contributor to bullying.”

Giving further insight into how the home contributes to bullying in society, the mental health advocate said, “Children who come from very dysfunctional homes, where physical fighting, emotional torture is the order of the day will grow up to become bullies. They learn that behaviour and come out with it. They see it as a normal way of life.”

He explained that bullying is when an individual intentionally does something that will cause physical pain, psychological pain, or social deprivation on a person with the intent to suppress him or her to submission.

“Bullying is in various forms. It could be physical, like beating; it could be verbal abuse, like talking to someone in a degrading manner. It could also be emotional, psychological or social, like depriving someone of freedom. It’s a serious problem.

“People who bully are usually those that have the upper hand and are in an advantageous position”, the professor stated.
The American Psychological Association defines bullying as “a form of aggressive behaviour in which someone intentionally and repeatedly causes another person injury or discomfort.”

The APS noted that bullying could be in the form of “physical contact, words or more subtle actions” and “the bullied individual typically has trouble defending him or herself and does nothing to cause the bullying.”

Bullying in schools is frequent and poses a serious public health concern, according to the association.

Meanwhile, Sheikh listed anxiety, lack of sleep, traumatic stress disorder, depression, low self-esteem, injuries, isolation, suicide, and in some cases, death as some of the consequences of bullying.

“We have seen young people who end up taking their own lives because of the bullying they experience, and people did not observe and could not save them”, he added.

On how Nigeria can effectively tackle bullying both in schools and workplaces, the mental health expert recommended, “Let me start from the policy level. Schools, institutions, workplaces, and governments at all levels need to develop some policies that should address and prevent bullying in institutions, in school, and in the workplace.

“So, every school is supposed to have a policy that will prevent bullying, and if it happens, that will address the issue within such institutions.

“The Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare and Ministry of Youth must make it mandatory for institutions, workplaces, sports clubs and anywhere you have gatherings of young people and even adults to have standing policies that will prevent bullying.”

The psychiatrist said Nigeria must have a legal framework in place that would recognise and create sanctions on whoever is found to be involved in bullying.

“We must have legislation on bullying, legislation that will address bullying.

“There must be laws that will deal with someone who is the bully or the aggressor and then, there must also be laws that will bring justice where someone who has been bullied is properly compensated for what the person has gone through.

“So, this is a policy and legislative way of addressing and preventing bullying in our society”, the don said.

According to the United Kingdom’s Office for National Statistics, 19 per cent of one in five children aged 10 to 15 years in England and Wales experienced at least one type of online bullying behaviour in the year ending March 2020.

This is equivalent to 764,000 children with nearly three out of four children – 72 per cent – who had experienced online bullying behaviour also being victims at school.

Also, according to a 2019 survey by an American organisation, the National Centre for Educational Statistics, one out of every five, over 20 per cent of students, report being bullied.

In addition, six per cent of male students report being physically bullied compared to four per cent of female counterparts.

While 18 per cent of female students reported being the subjects of rumours and excluded from activities on purpose, nine per cent of male students did.

A Consultant Psychiatrist with Green Oaks Consulting, Dr Chinwe Obinwa, said bullying in children could cause a wide range of mental health problems in adulthood while calling for a concerted effort to check the ugly trend.

According to her, even though childhood bullying is often ignored by many parents, it has a serious long-term effect on children.

“Short-term effects include frequent headaches, stomach aches, anxiety and depression, low self-esteem, sleep disturbance, feelings of shame, and poor school performance.”

“It is noteworthy to highlight that bullying also affects the bully. The effect on the bully in the short term includes increased risk of truancy, poor school performance, and substance misuse.

The bully may also have trouble with maintaining social relationships.

“The longer-term effects include increased risk of perpetrating domestic violence against spouse or child, substance abuse and other antisocial behaviours”, the psychiatrist said.

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You have given a lease of life to FCT,” Tinubu hails Wike for sterling infrastructure deployment



By Kayode Sanni-Arewa

President Bola Tinubu hailed the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Nyesom Wike, for restoring life to the nation’s Federal Capital Territory.

President Tinubu, who spoke on Tuesday when he inaugurated the Southern Parkway from Christian Centre to Ring Road One, a project that started 13 years ago, also said completion of the project was a mark of his commitment to inclusive and sustainable development.

The President, who headed to the inauguration site on arrival from Lagos, identified that the newly inaugurated road, which the FCT administration named after him, would not only ease traffic congestion, but also enhance mobility and creativity for the residents and visitors to city.

“But transformative projects you are seeing, I heard from his remark that this project could have been an abandoned project for 13 years, scratching the surface. Once again, our dear landlord, Barrister Ezenwo Nyesom Wike, thank you for bringing life back to our Federal Capital Territory.

I understand the Southern Parkway not only represents a physical artery that connects vital areas within FCT, but also symbolises our collective aspirations for connectivity, ease of livelihood, accessibility and progress.

“By providing a seamless and efficient transportation corridor, this road will not only ease traffic congestion, but also enhanced mobility and creativity for the residents and visitors to FCT.

“The completion of the Southern Parkway underscores our, as we strive to build a world-class capital city. We recognise the fact that infrastructure is an enabler of jobs, economic development and prosperity. We believe we are going to achieve all of that.

“The needs of our citizens is paramount in our minds, so for making our citizens the central focus of our development, we believe Nigeria will succeed. As we formally inaugurate this road, I am greatly honoured, I heard him mentioning my name as the beneficiary. Thank you very much; thank you for being a very good team leader, we all collectively will not let you down,” the President said.

He lauded the FCT Minister, Wike, for his vision and hard work, which he said had effected changes, both structurally and administratively, to the capital and has inspired many citizens.

“I must recognise your vision that is revolutionary and very inspiring to many of our people. The changes you made to the FCT – structural and administrative – is yielding results and elevating the heart of many Nigerians, thank you very much.

“Today, we are here to mark a significant milestone in the journey of our nation towards progress and development. As we commemorate our first year in office when I was inaugurated as the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, it is a great joy and challenge that we have a huge job on our…, “ he said.

Wike said the projects had dragged on for several years.

However, he said the coming of the current administration and President’s unflinching support had led to the completion of the project amongst others, that are ready for inauguration.

He said the FCTA and the FCT Residents appreciated Tinubu’s support and laudable achievements.

He said: “It is in this regard and for many other patriotic persuasions that the FCT Administration hereby humbly resolved that this very important road be named the “BOLA AHMED TINUBU WAY”.

The Minister said the Southern Parkway was one of the principal arteries conceived and planned as a freeway to provide access and connectivity to the Southern development flank of the city as provided in the Abuja Master Plan.

He said other principal artery was the Northern Parkway which had been substantially developed over the years to service the Northern districts.

According to Wike: “Southern Parkway at par with the Northern Parkway, this project which was awarded in December, 2010 to Messrs Setraco Nig. Ltd. at the contract sum of N16,234,553,335.64 (Sixteen billion, Two Hundred and Thirty-Four Million, Five Hundred and Fifty-Three Thousand, Three Hundred and Thirty-Five Naira, Sixty Four Kobo).

“Later it was revised to N35,757,763,310.18 (Thirty-Five Billion, Seven Hundred and Fifty-Seven Million, Seven Hundred and Six-Three Thousand, Three Hundred and Ten Naira, Eighteen Kobo) in March, 2021 due to changes in scope and other economic indices.

“The scope of work comprised the construction of 5.4km length of the road – made up of 2 main carriageways of 4 lanes each and 2 service carriageways of 2 lanes each, making a total of 12 lanes.

“It also includes the construction of 4 number Interchanges (a total of 8 bridges) in addition to the provision of associated underground engineering infrastructure facilities.

“I am happy to further inform your Excellency that the project is now completed in line with the “Renewed Hope Agenda” of Mr. President. The completion of the project will indeed enhance traffic circulation around the City Centre thereby reducing delays in travel time; complementing the developed portion of the Northern Parkway by easing the traffic congestion experienced in the Southern Districts of Garki, Gudu, and Durumi as well as accelerating the development of the Southern axis of the city in general, thereby bringing improved socio-economic benefits to residents and visitors to the city.

“Your Excellency, Distinguished Ladies and Gentlemen, on assumption of office in August 2023 we were confronted with many uncompleted projects that have dragged on for several years.” [with report by The Nation]

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ASUU Urges FG To Stop Tax Waivers, as Reps Summon First Bank, Others over Non Remittances of Education Tax



By Gloria Ikibah 
This President Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU), Professor Victor Osodeke has called on the federal government to immediately stop tax waivers meant to fund tertiary institutions in the country.
Prof. Osodeke who said this during a public hearing on Monitoring of Collection, utilization and other associated services relating to Education Tax from 2011 – 2022, organised by the House of Representatives Committee on Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFund), on Tuesday, blamed the poor funding of tertiary institutions and incessant industrial actions to waivers granted to banks and other private institutions.
Chairman of the Committee, Rep. Miriam Odinaka Onuoha also directed First Bank of Nigeria and other Banks to appear before it alongside its Tax Consultant to reconcile the Education Tax Computation not remitted to TETFund by the banks between 2011 and 2022.


Rep. Onuoha who gave the directive when some commercial banks appeared before the committee to defend their non-remittance of Education Taxes over the years, said there were disparities between the figures that was in the Bank’s Financial Statements as Provisions for that purpose and what the Bank actually remitted to the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS).
Upon their admittances of such discrepancies, without any substantial explanation, the Committee therefore summoned the Banks to come along with details of their Tax computations, External Auditors and Tax Consultant along with proofs of remittances by 20th June, 2024. 
‘The Banks disregarded their own Financial Statement liabilities on Education Tax and made  under remittances’.
This followed a motion by Rep. Oluwole Oke who prayed that the banks appeared before the committee with the tax consultants with details of that tax computation on a yearly basis.
The Chairman said out of the 15 banks invited, about seven were supposed to appear before the committee on Tuesday, while only three of them showed up with three other writing to seek a new date to appear.
Full list of Banks summoned to appear on the 20th June with the aforementioned documents and persons include, Zenith Bank, Access Bank,  First Bank, United Bank for Africa ( UBA), Sterling Bank, Keystone Bank, FBN Quest Merchant Bank, First Bank, Guarantee Trust Bank, Stanbic Bank , Wema Bank, Eco Bank, Fidelity Bank, Jaiz Bank and Unity Bank. 
Deputy Chairman of the Committee, Rep. Bappa Aliyu Misau had observed that First Bank under remitted its education tax deductions to TETFund, an action which he said was punishable under the law.
Misau said: “unfortunately, you do not have the year-by-year breakdown but  the available records you submitted in 2011 was N603,801. Then, in 2012, you are owing N301,263,135, in 2013, you have a credit balance of N102,713,615. 
“Again, in 2014, you had a credit of N2.933, 659, then if you go to 2015, you have N25 million as outstanding, in 2017, N169, 852,600 outstanding, in 2018 you have N98 million outstanding, in 2012, you paid N7.877,451 then in 2020 N148 million credit, in 2021, N269,618,626.6 debit. 
“Therefore, in 2022, you had N3.748,984, 654.64. Then you add it up, you sum the credit and the debit, you ended up with N3.749,353,260 outstanding. You know there is penalty for Non-Remittance”.
An Executive Director with First Bank, Bashir Yusuf who represented the bank at the meeting told the lawmakers that between 2011 and 2022, the Bank posted a Profit Before Tax (PBT) of N795,123 billion. 
When asked to take the figure year by year, the FBN Executive Director said, it was a summary of the presentation, he said, “unfortunately Madam Chair what I have is the summary of the presentation. 
“I crave the indulgence of the committee to take what we shared with the Committee. I prepared the summary for the presentation, so that if there are issues, we can take those issues, especially if there are matters that we need to settle outside the Committee room, our consultants.
“So, I am very sorry, I don’t have the breakdown by year, but I have the summary over the period. We had the net accessible profits of N28 billion, which is the difference between the allowable and the disallowable expenses on the PBT we posted over the period.
“In terms of tax liability over the period, we have a tax liability of N5.498 billion. Then, over the periods of the audit by the Committee, that is 2011 to 2022, we had additional assessments. It was on the basis of those assessments conducted between 2014 and 2021 that we had an additional liability of N852 million.
“So, in terms of total TETFUND Tertiary Education Tax Fund liability and payment, we made a payment of N5.493 billion. 
“And in terms of outstanding liability over the period, we have Nil liability over the period and other subsequent items associated with outstanding liability are also ready”.
He further stated that there were issues that cannot be resolved at the committee hearing, adding that “what you have are items that are classified as taxable. 
“We have some differences based on the provision of exemption order that was issued by the President in 2011. That’s why I said some of these issues we will not be able to resolve at this sitting.
“When the Committee asked the Bank to provide the Exemption Order on Education Tax as it relates to the matter under review, he could not provide any , Furthermore , the Bank already made  provisions in their Financial Statements for same Education Taxes without remittances in those respective years”.
Representatives of ASUU criticizrd the Banks for providing different figures to the Committee after making submissions earlier in January 2024 under Oath. 
The Union further requested the FIRS to stand-up to their duties on the efficient and honest  tax collection and stop the games playing with the Banks. 
The Union further commended the Committee for taking up the challenge to expose the fraud and corruption while enforcing compliance in our tax systems by some Corporate gurus despite their huge profits, yet unwilling to pay necessary taxes in support of Education to help the sector grow and the development of the Country human capital.
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JUST IN: Court Stops Police, SSS, Military From Evicting Emir Sanusi



By Kayode Sanni-Arewa

The Kano High Court sitting on Miller Road has stopped the police, the State Security Service (SSS) and Nigerian military from evicting the Emir of Kano, Muhammadu Sanusi II, who was recently reinstated.

Granting the order, Justice Amina Adamu Aliyu of the Kano High Court also restrained the security agencies from arresting or harassing the emir and his kingmakers.

The judge held “that an order of interim injunction is hereby granted restraining the Respondents either by themselves, their agents, privies, representative, and assigns from further harassing, intimidatin, inviting, arresting and or invading the personal or official residence of the Applicants (Gidan Rumfa); his servants and or any of the Kano Emirate kingmakers of doing such acts that would be capable of interfering with the Applicants’ rights generally in relation to this suit pending the hearing and determination of the motion on notice.

“That an order of interim injunction is hereby granted restraining the Respondents from attempting to hijack, pick, commandeer, confiscate any of twin spear of authority, the Royal Hat of Dabo, the Ostrich-feathered shoes, the knife and sword of the Emir of Kano as well as symbols of authority pending the hearing and determination of the motion on notice

“That an order of interim injunction is hereby made restraining the Respondents from taking further steps in connection with the matter or maintaining status quo of staying all action pending the hearing and determination of the motion on notice.

“That it is further ordered that the Respondents are restraining from interfering with the functions, duties of the 1″ Applicant as the Emir of Kano pending the hearing and determination of the mation on notice dated 28 May, 2024.”

The case was filed by the emir alongside the four kingmakers of Kano: Madakin Kano Yusuf Nabahani; Makaman Kano Ibrahim Sarki Abdullahi; Sarkin Bai Mansur Adnan and Sarkin Dawaki Maituta Bello Tuta.

The motion on notice is adjourned to June 13, 2024 for hearing.

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