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5 Nigerian stews you can make without tomatoes

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In this article is a compiled list of five economical, locally sourced stews that can be made without tomatoes

With Nigerians staunch consumers of stew, tomatoes are a beloved staple, central to many traditional dishes.

But recently, the price of tomatoes have soared in the country with many Nigerians forced to search for alternative sauces to complement their daily meals.

In response, we’ve compiled a list of five economical, locally sourced stews and sauces that can be made without tomatoes:

Stews you can make without tomatoes

1. Garden Egg Sauce
A popular delicacy in southern Nigeria, Garden Egg Sauce serves as an excellent substitute for tomato stew. Essential ingredients include garden eggs (purple aubergine, white, or green), palm oil, smoked fish, ground pepper (chili or scotch bonnet), rinsed iru, onions, crayfish, and salt to taste. This versatile sauce pairs well with rice, yam, or plantain.

2. Pumpkin Leaf Sauce
Known locally as Ugu, pumpkin leaves are widely used in Nigeria. Pumpkin Leaf Sauce is not only flavorful but also healthy, consisting of a sauté of fluted pumpkin leaves and onions. Quick to prepare, this sauce requires chopped pumpkin leaves, seasoned beef or chicken (optional), meat stock, vegetable oil, chili pepper, onions, seasoning, and salt to taste.

3. Banga Stew
Known as Ofe Akwu, Banga Stew is a palm nut stew native to the Igbo tribe. Although extracting palm oil juice from palm nuts can be time-consuming, the resulting dish is deliciously rewarding. Ingredients needed are palm fruits or palm fruit concentrate, beef, dry fish, vegetables (scent leaves for Ofe Akwu or dried, crushed bitter leaves for Delta-style Banga soup), onions, crayfish, stock cubes, iru, salt, and chili pepper to taste.

4. Baobab Leaf Stew
A northern Nigerian delicacy, Miyan Kuka, or Baobab Leaf Stew, is a favorite among the Hausa tribe and is usually served with white rice. Key ingredients are beef, onions, dried fish, hot peppers (washed, soaked, and flaked), pounded kuka (baobab) leaves, dawadawa (fermented dried seeds of the African locust bean), yaji (suya seasoning), a pinch of potash, palm oil, seasoning cubes, and salt to taste.

5. Ofada Stew
Commonly called Ayamase, Ofada Stew is typically served with Ofada rice, a special local variety. However, it can also accompany regular white rice, yam, plantain, and even spaghetti. The simple ingredient list includes unripe habanero peppers, green tatashe or green bell peppers, locust bean seasoning (iru, ogiri okpei, or dawadawa), red palm oil, onions, crayfish, assorted meat, and fish.

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Health

Beware! Covid-19 still kills 1,700 persons weekly – WHO

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Covid-19 is still killing around 1,700 people a week around the world, the World Health Organization said Thursday, as it urged at-risk populations to keep up with their vaccinations against the disease.

WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus sounded a warning on declining vaccine coverage.

Despite the continued death toll, “data show that vaccine coverage has declined among health workers and people over 60, which are two of the most at-risk groups,” the UN health agency’s chief told a press conference.

“WHO recommends that people in the highest-risk groups receive a Covid-19 vaccine within 12 months of their last dose.”

More than seven million Covid deaths have been reported to the WHO, though the true toll of the pandemic is thought to be far higher.

Covid-19 also shredded economies and crippled health systems.

Tedros declared an end to COVID-19 as an international public health emergency in May 2023, more than three years on from when the virus was first detected in Wuhan, China, in late 2019.

The WHO has urged governments to maintain virus surveillance and sequencing and to ensure access to affordable and reliable tests, treatments, and vaccines.

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Health

Federal Govt reveals what is likely going to aid spread of Cholera epidemic, warns public

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The Federal Government has issued a warning that the ongoing flooding and continuous rainfall could exacerbate the spread of cholera across the country.

Speaking at a press conference on Thursday, Prof. Joseph Terlumum, the Minister of Water Resources and Sanitation, highlighted the concerning situation. He reported that as of Wednesday, July 3, 2024, there have been 63 fatalities and 2,102 suspected cases since the start of the epidemic.

Terlumum attributed the recent flash floods to persistent heavy rainfall across various states and Abuja, the nation’s capital. He noted that these floods, predominantly affecting urban areas, were caused by intense rainfall and inadequate drainage systems.

He said, “We are calling on states and local government councils, to intensify and step up efforts to avert flood-related disasters in their domains as we approach the peak of the flooding season.

“At the national, some states have started experiencing some level of flooding and its associated disaster as of April this year. So far, more than three states such as FCT have experienced high levels of flooding, with several casualties recorded, including displacement of people and loss of properties.”

The minister clarified that no water has been released from any dams, both within and outside Nigeria. Specifically regarding the Kainji and Jebba Dams on the River Niger, he confirmed that water remains stored in their reservoirs.

He also warned of impending river flooding expected to commence this month, affecting several states including Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Adamawa, Benue, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Jigawa, Kogi, Kebbi, Kaduna, Niger, Nasarawa, Ondo, Ogun, Rivers, Taraba, and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).

He said: “Clearing of blocked drainage systems and canals, replications of people living along waterways and states and local governments, are encouraged to desilt river channels and canals in their respective constituents, to collect runoff water is part of the recommendation file for flood motifs.”

On Tuesday, Jide Idris, the Director General of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), provided an update on the cholera outbreak, confirming that the death toll had risen to 63 with 2,102 suspected cases reported.

He disclosed that cases had been identified in 122 Local Government Areas spanning 33 states and the Federal Capital Territory.

Idris highlighted that approximately 90 percent of the cases were concentrated in 10 states, predominantly in the southern region,”of the top 10 states contributing to 90 percent of the cases—Lagos, Bayelsa, Abia, Zamfara, Bauchi, Katsina, Cross River, Ebonyi, Rivers, and Delta—seven are located in the southern part of the country.”

He attributed the outbreak to the consumption of contaminated food and water, noting the challenges posed by open defecation practices. Despite these challenges, Idris expressed confidence in Nigeria’s ability to control further spread, emphasising the activation of the National Cholera Multi-Sectoral Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) to coordinate a comprehensive response following a thorough risk assessment conducted by the agency earlier.

He said: “In response to the rapidly increasing cholera cases, a dynamic risk assessment was conducted by subject matter experts on the cholera outbreak situation in Nigeria last week.

“The subject matter experts were drawn from relevant Ministries (Health, Environment, Agriculture, Water Resources, etc.), Departments, Agencies, stakeholders, and major partners. The outcome of the risk assessment placed the country at “High Risk” of increased risk of cholera transmission and impact.”

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Health

HIV Prevention Breakthrough

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….. As new trial shows twice-a-year injection protects women completely

The trial, conducted in Africa, demonstrated promising results by offering women a simple yet highly effective method of protecting themselves against HIV. Simple and Effective Solution

In a major breakthrough, Gilead Sciences Inc. revealed that its HIV medication lenacapavir has achieved 100% efficacy as a preventive treatment, marking a significant advancement in the fight against HIV. Effective Prevention Method

Just two injections a year of a groundbreaking new HIV drug have shown to provide full protection against the virus for young women in Africa, according to recent trial results. Game-Changing Results

This new prevention method could potentially revolutionize HIV prevention efforts globally, particularly in regions where the disease is prevalent. Global Impact

The ease of administration and high efficacy of the lenacapavir injections make it a promising solution for addressing the HIV epidemic, especially among at-risk populations. Promising Solution for HIV Epidemic

With further research and development, this innovation has the potential to reshape the landscape of HIV prevention and contribute significantly to public health efforts worldwide.

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